310 N. Suite 1, Winchester Blvd, Santa Clara, CA 95050 (408) 549-1602

TMJ Disorders and Sleep Apnea
Home TMJ Therapy Sleep Apnea and TMJ

Understanding TMJ and Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Are you suffering from jaw pain, headaches, or difficulty sleeping? Bay Area Sleep Solutions & Pain Center in Santa Clara, CA, led by Dr. Pooja Goel, specializes in treating temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ) and sleep apnea. TMJ can cause facial pain, jaw clicking/locking, and more, while sleep apnea disrupts your breathing during sleep. Our team provides customized treatment plans combining oral appliances, physical therapy, and lifestyle guidance to alleviate your symptoms and improve your quality of life. Call us today at (408) 549-1602 to schedule an appointment and get on the path to relief.

The Link Between TMJ and Sleep Disorders

Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) and sleep apnea are two conditions that can impact your overall health and well-being. While they may seem unrelated, recent research has found a significant link between temporomandibular joint disorder and sleep apnea.

Explore this connection and discuss the potential impact on your health. To seek treatment, contact our dentist in Santa Clara by calling (408) 549-1602 today.

What Is Sleep Apnea?

Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that causes interruptions in breathing during sleep. There are two main types of sleep apnea:

  1. Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common type and occurs when the muscles in the back of your throat fail to keep your airway open, despite efforts to breathe. As a result, the oxygen level in your blood drops, and your brain is briefly aroused from sleep to signal the muscles to tighten and open the airway. The condition can range from mild sleep apnea to severe, based on the frequency of breathing interruptions.
  2. Central sleep apnea is less common and occurs when the brain fails to signal the muscles to breathe, resulting in a temporary lapse of breathing during sleep. Unlike OSA, there’s no physical obstruction in the airway. Common symptoms of sleep apnea include abnormal nighttime breathing and daytime effects such as fatigue, sleepiness, and irritability.

The Connection Between TMJ and Sleep Apnea

Recent studies have suggested that there may be a link between TMJ and sleep apnea. One study found that nearly 40 percent of patients with TMD also had sleep apnea.

TMJ disorder can cause pain and discomfort in the jaw, neck, and shoulders, making it difficult to fall and stay asleep. It can also lead to muscle tension and spasms in the upper body, including the muscles that control breathing. This can make it harder to breathe normally during sleep, leading to loud snoring, a common symptom of sleep apnea that indicates airway blockages or disruptions in breathing. Not everyone with sleep apnea snores loudly, but it's a significant indicator of the condition, especially in individuals with TMJ, affecting their sleep quality and potentially leading to serious health consequences if left untreated.

On the other hand, sleep apnea can also contribute to the development of TMD. This is because sleep apnea can cause repeated teeth grinding and clenching, which can strain the TMJ and lead to painful symptoms.

Signs of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Caused by Sleep Apnea

Signs that TMD may be caused by sleep apnea include:

  • Jaw Pain: Sleep apnea can cause teeth grinding and clenching during sleep, which can put excessive strain on the TMJ and lead to symptoms such as jaw pain.
  • Headaches: Sleep disorders can cause headaches due to the lack of oxygen in the body during sleep. These headaches may be felt in the temples or behind the eyes.
  • Neck and Shoulder Pain: Muscle tension and spasms in the upper body can occur, including the muscles that control breathing. This can lead to neck and shoulder pain, which can contribute to TMJ symptoms.
  • Limited Jaw Movement: You may experience pain and discomfort in the jaw, neck, and shoulders, making it difficult to move the jaw properly. This can lead to limited jaw movement.
  • Ear Pain: Sleep disorders can cause pressure changes in the ear, which can lead to ear pain. Discomfort may be felt in the ear itself, or the TMJ area.
  • Excessive Daytime Sleepiness: Poor-quality sleep related to sleep apnea can lead to excessive daytime sleepiness, a common symptom that manifests differently in adults and children with obstructive sleep apnea.

Treatment for TMJ and Sleep Disorders

For TMD, treatment may include physical therapy, medications, or oral appliances such as splints or mouth guards.

For sleep apnea, treatment may include:

  • Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy involves wearing a mask over the nose or mouth. It delivers a stream of air to keep the airway open during sleep.
  • Bi-level positive airway pressure (BiPAP) therapy delivers air at different pressures during inhalation and exhalation.
  • Oral appliances are custom-made devices that are worn in the mouth to help keep the airway open during sleep.
  • Surgery in some cases, such as tonsillectomy or adenoidectomy, removes obstructive tissue in the airway.

There is no cure for sleep apnea, but these treatments can help manage its symptoms and prevent apnea events or reduce their frequency and severity. A sleep study, specifically polysomnography, is necessary to diagnose obstructive or central sleep apnea, using multiple sensors to track various aspects of sleep. It's also important to note that treatment for obstructive sleep apnea may lead to treatment for emergent central sleep apnea, a condition where obstructive sleep apnea turns into the central type after treatment.

For some, treating one condition may also help alleviate the symptoms of the other. For example, treating sleep apnea with a CPAP machine may help reduce teeth grinding and clenching, which can help alleviate TMJ disorder symptoms.

Frequently Asked Questions

Who should I see if I suspect I have TMD or sleep apnea?

If you suspect you have TMD or sleep apnea, schedule an appointment with your dentist. They can perform an examination and refer you to a sleep specialist or an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. The doctor you’re referred to will depend on your TMD symptoms.

Will treating sleep apnea help with TMD?

There’s some evidence to suggest that treating sleep apnea can help alleviate symptoms of TMD. When sleep apnea is treated with a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine or other methods, it can reduce the tension and strain on the jaw joint during sleep. This can improve TMD symptoms, such as pain and difficulty opening the mouth.

What is the best sleeping position for TMD?

For individuals with TMD, sleeping on their back with a small pillow or rolled towel under the neck for support is recommended. Sleeping on the stomach should be avoided as it can put unnecessary strain on the neck and jaw. Consult a sleep specialist for more tips on managing TMD and sleep apnea.

Improve Your Sleep and Jaw Pain With Personalized Care

If you’re experiencing symptoms of TMJ or sleep apnea, seek medical attention from our Santa Clara, CA dentist. Dr. Goel can properly diagnose your condition and recommend the best treatment for your needs. Don't hesitate to speak up and seek help — these conditions can significantly impact your quality of life and overall health.

Take control of your health and schedule a consultation today by calling (408) 549-1602.